POI disputes in Indian Telecom

abraham-paul_photoHow to resolve POI disputes in Indian Telecom.

Short link: http://wp.me/p1ZsI2-VA

Abraham Paul P.    Dated 28 September, 2016.

Of late, there have been bitter disputes between incumbent Mobile Telecom Providers in India versus a new entrant. As someone in the field for over 60 years doing Planning & Implementation of right from Magneto to most modern Digital systems I would like to mention few points for the kind notice of Government, Regulators, Telecom Service Providers, its federation heads, Internet Service Providers, the Inter-country Cable & Satellite operators and the  Media.

Please see link below for this article in full with explanatory diagrams:


  1. In a saturated topography with presence of far too many Telecom Service Providers in India,  demand for new Telephone connections (both Fixed & Mobile) as of now is far  less than ready to supply; except perhaps in green fields predominantly in some rural and many remote areas.
  2. According to fundamentals of Telephony, in a topography setup as mentioned above, the volume of Telephone connections as well as the volume and pattern of Telephone Call Traffic (originating & terminating) continues to remain more or less same with one or many new entrants come into operation even if they are able to poach considerably large volume of subscribers from incumbents; with advanced features, products, attractive plans and cut throat Tariff-ing.
  3. Even as overall Volume of Customers and Traffic generated by them remains same, the inter connectivity issue is significant, due to lack of Regional Transit  and Zonal Gateways are left missing due to oversight of fundamentals of telephony switching by the Government and never took up as an issue by Telecom Service Providers (as who will bell the cat) and therefore, remained hodgepodge so far. Surprisingly neither the DOT, the TRAI, nor the warring TELCOS / COAI, the Technical experts and the ever vociferant Media guys thought it relevant though it is too obvious that things cannot go on like this, anymore.
  4. With Erstwhile DOT, even with only one Land line Operator under it in the PSTN, there were Trunk Automatic Exchanges (TAXs) to handle Inter exchange Voice calls in the region and Zonal Gateway Switches for interconnecting the Regional TAXs in the Zone, across the Zones and to International gateway systems. How do the Government think it can gone on without such Regional transit and Gateway systems with so many Mobile systems in a given area served by so many Mobile / Fixed line TSPs in the Country, that too it took so many years to get out from the mis-concept of making GSM area co-terminus with existing Telecom Circles pushing TSPs to spend on redundant systems.

5. Previously DOT owned the Transit & G/W systems. Even if the number of TSPs becomes much less from what it is there now, Transit and G/W switches will be necessary. The question is who will bring in these in the PLMN space?

Three options are:

1. DOT to get it done by it BSNL corporation. It can be a good business diversification to earn additional revenue from interconnect charges.

The interconnect interfaces and through connects shall be IP based to provide all types of junction circuits Voice, Data and Multimedia of contemporary and future networks.

2. A Consortium of TSPs to set it up.

3. Give fresh license to existing or new service provider exclusively for this.  In all the above three cases the transit calls are to be measured, billed and charged apportioning according to usage by various TSPs/ ISPs. To overcome the POI issue and for technical reasons, every local system shall only be connected to nearby Transit Systems by default, not with other Local exchanges even within the City or Service area.

4. Last but no the least is the technology part.

Please see my compilation on a layman idea about “POTs to 4G and beyond” in the link wp.me/p1ZsI2-5Y

The type and technology of the Systems, Network and mode of Transport unlike the VOICE call Transit & G/W systems are much different and ever changing in wireless Telephone arena and that too need a combination of all till the entire Telephony comprising PSTN and PSPDN become IP based. We are at the threshold of VoLTE enabled LTE solutions for handle Voice and all sorts of Data and Multimedia communication needs.

However, these can happen practically in the field only with commensurate eco system and improvement of knowledge level of common mass that constitute a greater part of the consumers as of today. Even so, a workable version of Transit exchanges and Gateways capable of handling all these shall be in place. One way is to resolve this is to have Interface equipment at POI in every Local exchange shall be capable converting and switching all modes of call element into a common protocol of PSPDN and switch it through Transit and Gateways.  Due to above reasons, every local system shall only be connected to nearby Transit Systems by default, not with other Local exchanges even within the City or Service area.

  1. Revenue generation by the transit & Gateway system operators. There are billing arrangement in the Transit and Gateway systems and transit calls of different modes are appropriately measured, billed and charged and apportioned according to usage by various TSPs/ ISPs etc.  As mentioned earlier, due to technical and commercial reasons and to avoid duplicate charging at different transit points every local system shall only be connected to nearby Transit Systems by default, not with other Local exchanges even within the City or Service area.
  2. Responsibility to provide enough Interface equipment within the system and at the POIs in the Transit & Gateways according to traffic rest with the Transit & Gateway system provider. It shall be also their responsibility to upgrade their changes happening in the Technology including possible transit methods using Cloud Computing.

Whatever be the reasons and arguments for and against delays and disparities in decision makings about Service area, License, Spectrum, Interconnectivity and Technology, there is an urgent need to look at the basic fundamentals of Telephony. It is only surmising how about one billion consumers a Wireless Telephony business India in could go on without ensuring appropriate and adequate topography.

It is astounding to watch big arguments about “Free basics”, “OTT Players” “Net Neutrality” All such questions arise as the stakeholders involved do not care to look in the basic fundamentals of Telephony Viz: Does Private industries like Google etc., foraying into Telephony business as OTT and else come under the definitions of   “Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN)” that include PLMN and PSPDN?

It leads to a most relevant question whether World Wide Web (www) that interconnects millions of private servers (that are like Private Branch Exchanges) that do not adhere any norms and rules of full time availability and traffic parameters come under the foray  of PSTN.

May be I am the only person in the World ask this question, but unless it is given serious consideration, the legacy Telecom Industry will end up in a grinding halt. I know it meaningless to point fingers at things that are in vogue unless I have better ideas and ways to resolve it. My view is that the above described problems creped in disrupting the rightful area of PSTN, inadvertently or else, can be resolved by adopting CLOUD computing technology segregating and safeguarding “INTERNET’ services in PSTN from the World Wide Web.  The future will be CLOUDS and CLOUD computing and with that it is possible to segregate PSTN which includes PSPDN and INTERNET that inter connect it regionally as well as across the world can be protected from the World Wide Web access to it will be according rules and regulation of PSTN.  Please see the picture below explaining the idea contained in my proposal of segregating and protecting INTERNET for PSTN from World Wide Web.


Author: Abraham Paul. P. Owner  FCOMNET.  Ex V.P Technical Sales, SPCNL / Director TRG, TS & SC SIEMENS ICN / G.M & SMT Telecom Business Group, BPL Mobile India / TES (I) DOT India.

Please see my other blogs on related topics:

  1. Impact of transition from Voice to Data & Multimedia http://wp.me/p1ZsI2-23

2. Make Telecom Systems, network, Phones, product and services for the common man. http://wp.me/p1ZsI2-9i

3. Digital India: Views, opinions, and new proposals on various Technology & Social and Community affairs. http://wp.me/p1ZsI2-J5

4. Telecom Industrialists need caution on broad band network ideas that do not fit in the future. http://wp.me/p1ZsI2-4s

5. Net Neutrality without hurting Telcos and End users. http://wp.me/p1ZsI2-ES

6. Exclusively banked Universal Money management using phones.   http://wp.me/p1ZsI2-4g



Posted in IT based services, Telecom Networking, Telecom Technology | Leave a comment

About the Church and the Charitable Societies

abraham-paul-2About the Church and the Charitable Societies.

Short link: http://wp.me/p1ZsI2-V2

Author: P. A. Paul.                                      

Dated 2nd August 2016.

Please click on the link below to open the article in pdf.


P. A. Paul.

(A founder member of St. Peter’s Charitable Society, Chenthi Pongummoodu, Thiruvananthapuram.  

 Please also see an appeal I posted many years back “Extend help to care those with Special Needs”  in the link:  http://wp.me/p1ZsI2-3Z

Posted in Social and Community affairs | Leave a comment

abraham-paul-2Consolidated list of some of

P. Abraham Paul’s Articles.

Consolidated list of some of P. Abraham Paul’s Articles on Information Communication Technology and Social & Community affairs.   Dated 26 July 2016

Short link: http://wp.me/p1ZsI2-TS

Press Control key and click on caption below to  open the PDF document of the list and articles.

Articles and Blogs published by P. A Paul FIE, FIETE.

The views and opinions in the articles are strictly personal and not intended to offend any Individual, Organization, Institutions Community or Religion. I do not disagree with anyone who disagree my views and opinions.

P. Abraham Paul (P.A Paul).

Ex: Owner Future Communication Network (FCOMNET) UAE & India / Vice President Technical Sales,  SPCNL  SIEMENS ICN / Director TRG, SC & TS SIEMENS ICN RHQ Dubai / General Manager & SMT TBG, BPL Mobile, India / TES (I) DOT India.

E-mail: papaul@hotmail.com      Twitter.com/pa_paul


Link | Posted on by | Tagged | Leave a comment

Why call drops in Mobile Telecom Service.


Why excessive Call drops in GSM Mobile Telecom Service.


Author. P Abraham Paul.                                                        10 May 2016.

Hon. Supreme Court had reversed Government’s order binding Telcos to compensate Customers for Calls drops, a good decision favoring Telcos though not for the Users.

However, it is not sure whether both Government and Telcos have analyzed the reasons and its pros and cons of increasing incidences of Call drops such as the few given below.

  1. Unmanageably higher telephone traffic load due to fast mushrooming Non-Telecom related value added services such as Mobile banking and other e-commerce services over phone links.
  2. Delay in getting connected to INTERNET servers due to low data speed and congestion in the network increasing holding time and Traffic load.
  3. Machine made spurt of Commercial advertisements and Missed calls based services overloading systems and network.
  4. Growing access to Internet service through Mobile phone connectivity. Mobile has become an inseparable “Life Science Device” and part in parcel of most of ‘Internet of Things’ (IOT) http://wp.me/p1ZsI2-zM
  5. Inadequacy of Mobile system sites and spectrum to cater the end links. 3G/4G need much higher number if cell and sites than 2G.
  6. Channel stealing in weak signal points by expensive phone with high power chips at Calling or Called end leading to call drops in ordinary phones in the vicinity.
  7. Failure during handover especially while in high data usage as 3G/4G when moving over to Data and Multi media transaction while on Voice calls. (Until systems are fully migrated to IP switching end to end, 2G Voice and 3G Data are routed and switched on differed switching systems now.)
  8. Last must not the least is the poor in-house coverage being experienced with 3G service. While on the calls, speech get badly disturbed or distorted to the extent it can cause disruption the UM link and the Circuit switched path either at the calling side or at the called side. Then why search for reasons of Call Drops elsewhere?.

This can  improve only with Direct home EPON (Ethernet Passive Optical Network) which is a far cry in most palaces in India.  Telcos finding it difficult to pump in more investment inevitable to keep the business running due to slippage of revenue by disruptive technology advancement and the pity is they come up with Cock and Bull stories to escape.

There is something known as ‘Performance Monitoring’ and ‘Quality Control’ right from the Mobile Phones to Net work and Systems.  I had introduced this in one of the early GSM systems in 1995. A daily report used to be on my table in the morning. Doubtful anyone is using it now or even TRAI is insisting on it !!.

Please see my blog on ‘Impact of moving over from Voice to Data” http://wp.me/p1ZsI2-23 and other blogs related to Telecom in papaulsblog in WordPress.com

—————-  00000  —————-

P. Abraham Paul.  FIE, FIETE.

OWNER FCOMNET Ex. Vice President Technical Sales, SIEMENS ICN, Germany / Director Trg, SC & TS SIEMENS ICN RHQ Dubai / G.M & SMT TBG BPL Mobile India / TES (I) DOT India.


Posted in Life science technologies, Social and Community affairs, Telecom Technology, Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Ideas for Start ups.

Ideas for the “Start ups”    (Under preparation)

Short link-  http://wp.me/p1ZsI2-Rh

Various opportunities the Start ups to look at.

Technology area.

  1. Impact of transition from Voice to Data & Multimedia. http://wp.me/p1ZsI2-23

Major portion of data service related revenue moves from Network Operators to external Service Providers and e-Business units in PDN. There big opportunities for small time srtart ups in this arena.

Most of the advance technology systems are now the monopoly of Network Operators/ ISPs and System vendors.  It is necessary to take these out into the user premises by melding the technology with user intensive systems and applications. For the Telecom service providers, the voice call revenue is dwindling due to transition to data oriented business and competition as well as saturation of usage and they need to forge into more and more broadband products business to survive.

  1. Business opportunity in partner systems for Internet of Things. Mobile Phones as Life Science Device. (Internet of things) http://wp.me/p1ZsI2-zM 

INTERNET is the best thing happened in technology in past two decades so much so that it has become a life science in humanity across the world. Opportunities opened out so far has become the catch words ‘Internet of Things’ (IOT) that is expanding day by day.

Nevertheless, IOT cannot happen by itself.  The ‘things’ in the IOT need huge variety of the partner systems comprising  Mechanical, Electrical, Electronic and Digital components and wide  variety of applications are involved in IOT implementation. This is one area having lot of opportunities for the start up companies can concentrate on.

  1. Telecom Manufacturing Sector in India. http://wp.me/p1ZsI2-3o

This will also open out opportunities fir start ups in form of ancillary units supporting major telecom manufacturing.

  1. Make Telecom Systems, network, Phones, product and services for the common man. http://wp.me/p1ZsI2-9i
  2. Technology based Universal Emergency support Systems, Solutions and Services. http://wp.me/p1ZsI2-lZ 
  3. Personal Services Outsourcing (PSO) systems & Networks. http://wp.me/p1ZsI2-3u 
  4. Exclusively banked Universal Money management using phones.   http://wp.me/p1ZsI2-4g 
  5. Cheap Internet connectivity everywhere along with Electric supply.
  6. Innovative system for Road toll & Parking space usage charging. http://wp.me/s1ZsI2-506  
  7. Automated Parking lots over roads. 
  8. How to reduce Drunk & Drive accidents. http://wp.me/p1ZsI2-It
  9. Bio science is the way to make positive change in human behavior. http://wp.me/p1ZsI2-2a 
  10. Alternate energy. Captive hydro electric and Solar systems. 
  11. Cheaper LED lamps. Make and market cheaper LED lamps, Big market there.
  12. Distributed lighting using few LED lamps. Light carried to distributed points using Optical pipes to light emitting end pieces from a single LED light source.
  13. Horticulture with drip irrigation and other technology ideas in draught prone areas.
  14. Automatic brick making systems.  
  15. Usage of idle railway land by local co-operatives. 
  16. Auto diagnosing and reporting biological condition to physicians. 
  17. Artificial Intelligence of sorts. 
  18. Low cost ERP service for small firms and start ups. 
  19. Coaching classes for house wives in Computer and Internet handling. 
  20. Short term money lending using Mobiles from home.  
  21. Home delivery of Milk and fresh vegetable kits on daily basis. 
  22. IOT ideas for future buildings,  structural and operational and maintenance.

               (Under preparation)

P. Abraham Paul. FIE, FIETE.


Posted in Ideas for start ups., Social and Community affairs | Leave a comment

Why Universal Money through Mobile (mTm)

Why Universal Money through Mobile (mTm)           Abraham Paul. P.

http://wp.me/p1ZsI2-PQ abraham-paul-2

Universal Virtual Banking

mTm System


Why Universal Money through Mobile (mTm).png

Power & perils of Noney going virtual


Abraham Paul P.        papaul@hotmail.com




Posted in Economics of Money, Life science technologies, Mobile through Mobile (mTm), Telecom Technology | Leave a comment

The Essence of Religion

 The Essence of Religion.              Short link   http://wp.me/p1ZsI2-Nv

 Author Abraham Paul P.

Please see the link  http://wp.me/p1ZsI2-Nv or click on the caption below to view the article.

Microsoft Word – The Essence of Religion


Posted in Humanity and Religion, Social and Community affairs | Tagged | Leave a comment